Evaluation of Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Gram Negative Organisms by Minimum Inhibitory Concentration Method in Bandar Abbas, South of Iran
AbstractBackground:Antibiotic-resistant pathogens are problem in many geographic areas. The emergence of antimicrobial drug resistant organisms needs special attention.Methods: In a cross sectional prospective study during one year clinical samples were cultured and evaluated in general hospital, south of Iran. Samples were cultured and Organisms were identified by microbiologic methods. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration for seven antibiotics were evaluated.Results: In this study 494 positive samples were evaluated. The most common site of isolation was urinary system. The most common isolated organisms were E.coli, Kelebsiela pneumonia and Pseudomona aeroginosa. Resistance to ceftrixone, ceftazidime and cefepime was more than %50.Conclusions: Resistance to ceftrixone, ceftazidime and cefepime was high in our study.
Patel MH, Trivedi GR, Patel SM, Vegad MM. Antibiotic susceptibility pattern in urinary isolates of gram negative bacilli with special reference to AmpC β-lactamase in a tertiary care hospital. Urol Ann. 2010 Jan;2(1):7-11.
Behera B, Das A, Mathur P, Kapil A, Gadepalli R, Dhawan B. Tigecycline susceptibility report from an Indian tertiary care hospital. Indian J Med Res. 2009 Apr;129(4):446-50.
Dötsch A, Becker T, Pommerenke C, Magnowska Z, Jänsch L, Häussler S. Genomewide identification of genetic determinants of antimicrobial drug resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009 Jun;53(6):2522-31. Epub 2009 Mar 30.
Stefani S. Evolution in the antibiotic susceptibility and resistance. Infez Med. 2009 Jul;17 Suppl 3:5-12.
Akhtar N. Hospital acquired infections in a medical intensive care unit. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2010 Jun;20(6):386-90.
Wang JH, Lee BJ, Jang YJ. Bacterial coinfection and antimicrobial resistance in patients with paranasal sinus fungus balls. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2010 Jun;119(6):406-11.
Somily AM. Comparison of E-test and disc diffusion methods for the in vitro evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of colistin in multi-drug resistant Gram-negative Bacilli. Saudi Med J. 2010 May;31(5):507-11.
Bi XC, Zhang B, Ye YK, He HC, Han ZD, Dai QS, Liang YX, Zeng GH, Wang YS, Chen QB, Zhong WD. Pathogen incidence and antibiotic resistance patterns of catheter-associated urinary tract infection in children. J Chemother. 2009 Dec;21(6):661-5.
Habte TM, Dube S, Ismail N, Hoosen AA. Hospital and community isolates of uropathogens at a tertiary hospital in South Africa. S Afr Med J. 2009 Aug;99(8):584-7.
Al Johani SM, Akhter J, Balkhy H, El-Saed A, Younan M, Memish Z. Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among gram-negative isolates in an adult intensive care unit at a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia. Ann Saudi Med. 2010 Sep-Oct;30(5):364-9.
Furtado GH, Nicolau DP. Overview perspective of bacterial resistance. Overview perspective of bacterial resistance.
Milne KE, Gould IM. Combination testing of multidrug-resistant cystic fibrosis isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: use of a new parameter, the susceptible breakpoint index. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010 Jan;65(1):82-90.