Comparison of Iran’s and World’s Leading Faculties Approved Curriculum in the Field of Pharmacy, in terms of Pharmaceutical Care Education
AbstractBackground: Following the changes in the basic concepts of pharmaceutical science, the main opinion in pharmacy practice changed from “drug-oriented pharmacy” to “patient-oriented pharmacy”, leading to changes in the pharmacy education in many aspects.Methods: In the presented study, we compare Iran’s Pharm.D education system and the four of high ranking systems available in the world in term of pharmaceutical care related educations and how much is the portion of this type educations in the curriculum. The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) with a rank of 2, The University of Michigan with a rank of 7, and the Universities of Pittsburgh and Purdue with ranks of almost under 50 in the world ranking have been selected.Results: The results showed, in the United States (US) colleges about 60.5% of educational program was related to the pharmaceutical care concept. This calculation for the University of Waterloo was about 74%. The Saudi University compared, had about 47% related units. Regarding the Iranian program, when the specialized units after basic science were considered as the professional course, about 24% of them had a relationship with the pharmaceutical care. However, this was in the case that a student chooses the hospital internship instead of industry internship in the final year; otherwise, the percentage would reduce to 22.7%.Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, and regarding internationally accepted standards, we strongly recommend to change the structure of pharmacy curriculum in Iran to improve the ability of students for patient-oriented services.
Ahmed SI, Hasan SS, Hassali MA. Clinical pharmacy and pharmaceutical care: a need to homogenize the concepts. Am J Pharm Educ 2010;74(10):193g.
Toklu HZ, Hussain A. The changing face of pharmacy practice and the needfor a new model of pharmacy education. Journal of young pharmacists: JYP.2013;5(2):38-40.
Javadi M, Eslami K. Changing Pharm.D educational system, “opportunityor threat”? Razi 1390; (12):15-20.
Brown D. A Looming Joblessness Crisis for New Pharmacy Graduates andthe Implications It Holds for the Academy. Am J Pharm Educ 2013; 77(5):90.
Joint FIP/WHO guidelines on good Pharmacy Practice (GPP): standards forquality of Pharmacy services .2015. Available From: URL: https://www.fip.org/www/uploads/database_file.php?id=331&table_id=
Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE). Accreditation Standards and Guidelines Professional Program in Pharmacy Leading to theDoctor of Pharmacy Degree. 2016. Available From: URL: http://www.acpeaccredit.org/standards/default.asp
Joint Commission of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP) guideline on Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process.2014. Available From: URL https://www.accp.com/docs/positionsmisc/JCPP_Pharmacists Patient_Care_Process.
Iran Pharm D. core curriculum. Available From: URL: http://hcmep.behdasht.gov.ir/index.aspx?siteid=369&pageid=40484.
QS university ranking .pharmacy-pharmacology category.2015. Available From: URL:http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/universitysubject-rankings/2015/pharmacy-pharmacology.
University of California San Francisco’s (UCSF) curriculum for Pharm D.Program. Available From: RL:https://pharmd.ucsf.edu/curriculum.
University of MICHIGAN’S curriculum for Pharm D. Program. Available From: URL:https://pharmacy.umich.edu/pharmd/pharmd-curriculum.
University of Purdue’s curriculum for Pharm D. Program. Available From: URL https://www.pharmacy.purdue.edu/futurestudents/programs/pharm-d/curriculum.
University of Pittsburgh’s curriculum for Pharm D. Program. AvailableFrom:URL:http://www.pharmacy.pitt.edu/Programs/PharmD/curriculum.php.
University of Waterloo’s curriculum for Pharm D. Program. AvailableFrom:URL:https://uwaterloo.ca/pharmacy/undergraduatestudents/pharmd-curricular-grid.
University of King Feisal’s curriculum for Pharm Program.AvailableFrom:URL:https://www.kfu.edu.sa/en/Colleges/clinical_pharmacy/Documents/Faculty%20Handbook%202014.pdf
Birenbaum A, Bologh R, Lesieur H. Reforms in pharmacy education andopportunity to practice clinical pharmacy. Sociol Health Illn 1987;9(3):286-301.