Assessment of Training of Community Pharmacists towards the Prevention of COVID-19 in a North Central State of Nigeria

  • Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi Mail Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria AND Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Aanuoluwapo Afolabi Department of Community Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • Oluwatosin Fakayode Department of Public Health, State Ministry of Health, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
  • Stephen Arigidi Department of Public Health, State Ministry of Health, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
  • Barakat Olatayo Olanrewaju Department of Pharmaceutical Services, State Ministry of Health, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
Keywords:
Education; Educational Measurement; COVID-19; Community Pharmacist; Primary Prevention; Nigeria

Abstract

Background: Community pharmacists(CPs) are key providers of basic healthcare in communities, and barriers that may hinder enormous results in their role during the COVID-19 pandemic should be addressed. We conducted training on the strategies for strengthening the Infection Prevention and Control (IPC)among CPs.
Methods: Participants were 31 CPs in Ilorin, Kwara State. A quasi-experimental, before-and-after study was carried out. Data were captured using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire had three sections; the frst contained sociodemographic characteristics such as sex, age, and years of practice. The second section contained eight questions used to assess the knowledge of the respondents, each was assigned a score of “1” and the total obtainable score was “8”. The third section identifed the role of CPs in the prevention of COVID-19.
Results: The mean age of the 31 CPs who participated in the training was 49.5 ± 13.7 years, and18 (58.1%) were males. The mean pre-test IPC training score was 4.968±1.329, while the meanpost-test IPC training score was 5.323±1.077, (t=-1.611, p=0.118). All respondents identifed that CPs had roles in the prevention of COVID-19. Among them, 27 (87.1%) identifed community health awareness campaigns as their main role in the prevention of COVID-19. Regarding years of practice, 6 (35.3%) respondents with less than 20 years had COVID-19 IPC knowledge gain compared to 10 (71.4%) others with more than 20 and above years of practice (P=0.04).
Conclusion: The training achieved its short-term objective. There is a need to for supervisory visits on the CPs at their place of practice to ensure knowledge acquired is put to the best use.

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Published
2020-12-28
How to Cite
1.
Ilesanmi O, Afolabi A, Fakayode O, Arigidi S, Olanrewaju BO. Assessment of Training of Community Pharmacists towards the Prevention of COVID-19 in a North Central State of Nigeria. J Pharm Care. 8(4):164-169.
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Original Article(s)